Development and Validation of Motivation Scale towards Physics Learning

  • Elif Ince Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa Hasan Ali Yucel Education Faculty, Department of Science Education, Büyükçekmece, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Hilal Çağap Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa Institute of Graduate Education, Science Education, Büyükçekmece, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Yasemin Deneri Retired-Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa Hasan Ali Yucel Education Faculty, Department of Educational Science, Büyükçekmece, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Motivation scale development, motivation scale validation, physics education, physics motivation scale


This research aims to develop a valid and reliable scale to determine the motivation levels for learning. Within the scope of this aim, the study was conducted on Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) at a University level with the participation of 1081 undergraduate pre-service science teachers in Turkey. EFA results show the scale consists of 22 items which are grouped under 3 factors which are Self-Efficacy, Appreciation-Reward, and Value of Learning Physics. The total variance explained by the factors is 53.448%. Cronbach alpha coefficient was found to be .911 for the whole scale. The findings suggest the Motivation Scale towards Physics Learning (MSPL) is a good tool that researchers and instructors can use to efficiently assess students’ motivation to learn physics in universities.

Author Biography

Yasemin Deneri, Retired-Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa Hasan Ali Yucel Education Faculty, Department of Educational Science, Büyükçekmece, Istanbul, Turkey



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How to Cite
Ince, E., Çağap, H., & Deneri, Y. (2020). Development and Validation of Motivation Scale towards Physics Learning. International Journal of Physics & Chemistry Education, 12(4), 61-74. Retrieved from