Turkish Adaptation of the Views of Nature of Science-Form C: Validity and Reliability Study
The aim of this study is to adapt the nature of science questionnaire C form to Turkish in a valid and reliable manner. The questionnaire was developed by Abd-El Khalick (1998) and further amendments on the questionnaire were made by Lederman, Abd-El-Khalick, Bell, and Schwartz (2002). The process of adaptation of the questionnaire was carried out in five steps. These are: translating from English to Turkish, back translation from Turkish into English, the implementation of both Turkish and English versions with preservice science teachers, carrying out the pilot research and then the actual research. The items 1 and 4, 6, 7, and 8 after validity and reliability study were revisited and each question was separated into two and indicated as a and b (e.g. 1-a and 1-b). The questionnaire is frequently used in the nature of science research and it was previously adapted to German, Portuguese, Thai, Swedish, Vietnamese and Korean. It is hoped that the Turkish adaptation will contribute to the studies in nature of science in Turkey.
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